According to the World Health Organization (WHO), diabetes has been on the rise for the last ten years, and it is no longer a disease of the rich. In fact, the prevalence of the disease is growing in all parts of the globe with middle income earning countries carrying the heaviest burden when it comes to treatment and management.
As a result of the increase, many forms of treatments and drugs have been developed to help the patients to manage the condition. The treatment depends on the type of diabetes a patient has been diagnosed with, as well as other health conditions. This article provides an outlook on the different types of diabetes and the available Diabetes treatment drugs.
Types of diabetes
There are two types of diabetes, namely Type 1 (Insulin dependent) or Type 2 (Non-insulin dependent). In Type 1 diabetes, the immune system of the body gradually destroys the cells in the body that are responsible for releasing insulin, hence eliminating insulin production. With low levels of insulin in the body, cells are not able to absorb glucose, which is essential for energy production.
On the other hand, in type 2 diabetes, the body is unable to use the insulin produced in the right way. Type 1 diabetes cannot be prevented, but type 2 diabetes can be prevented by maintaining a healthy lifestyle.
Type 1 diabetes treatment
The goal of Type 1 diabetes treatment is to keep blood sugar level as normal as possible to avoid complications. The most common treatment method of Type 1 diabetes is taking insulin, and there are three types of insulin namely long-acting insulin, rapid-acting insulin, and intermediate options. Insulin is administered using an insulin pump or through an injection.
Other treatment methods include carbohydrate counting, frequent monitoring of blood sugar, eating a balanced diet, and regular exercise to prevent weight loss. There is an emerging treatment approach known as an artificial pancreas, which refers to a closed loop insulin delivery, but it’s not available in most parts of the world.
Type 2 diabetes treatment
Just like the treatment of Type 1 Diabetes, the goal of the treatment is to keep the blood sugar level as normal as possible. Some similar methods of managing and treating Type 2 diabetes include healthy living, blood sugar monitoring, and physical activities.
However, there exist some therapy treatment options including Metformin (Glucophage), Sulfonylureas, Meglitinides, Thiazolidinediones, DPP-4 inhibitors, GLP-1 receptor agonists, SGLT2 inhibitors and Insulin therapy. Bariatric surgery is increasingly becoming a popular option for treating Type 2 diabetes, especially for those patients with a BMI of more than 35. However, the treatment option is expensive, and a high risk is involved.